Archived Material (Referencing)

Useful abbreviations


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These are some abbreviations you might find useful when referencing, particularly if some of the details you need for a reference are missing.

anon. anonymous
dir. director
 ed(s). editor(s) or edition
et al.  and others (for multiple authors)
wr. writer
prod. producer
p. page
pp. pages
op. cit. in the work already quoted
ibid. in the same book or article etc as just quoted
n.d. date unknown
s.l. place of publication unknown
s.n. publisher unknown