Archived Material (Presentations)

This book looks at the process involved in preparing for, scripting and delivering a presentation. It shows you examples of both strong and weak presentations via video and audio file, and analyses the techniques which contribute to a strong presentation in detail.

Make flash card notes

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Weak presenters use notes as a script, reading them and never looking at the audience.

Good presenters make sure their notes are:

  • are brief
  • use key words or topic statements
  • give prompts for what you need to say
  • are easily held in the hand
  • are there to glance at and then look away from.

The best kind of notes to hold when you are giving a presentation are flash cards. A ‘flash card’ is a small piece of card you hold in your hand and glance at quickly to take in information.Use index cards or take a sheet of A4 card and cut it into quarters, or usePowerPoint to make presentation slides.

Important features of a flash-card:

  • Large, bold writing
  • Written in bullet points
  • Uses key words or short statements
  • No more than six lines of writing
  • easy to read at a glance.

How to use flash cards:

  • Print them on card so that they do not curl or get damaged easily
  • Number them
  • Make sure they are in the correct order before you start
  • Hold them just below chest-height
  • Never hold them in front of your face
  • Glance quickly at the card to take the information you need
  • Move the card to the back of the pile in your hands when you have finished with it
  • move from one card to the next at a transition point eg/a point where you can say ‘And now I would like to move on to...’
  • Have a final card that says ‘Any questions?’ to signal the end of the presentation.


Learn and practise your presentation so that your flash card ‘prompts’ allow you to talk freely and confidently.

Creating and using Flash cards (PDF opens in new window)