Reflective thinking and writing

How to write reflectively

How to structure your writing

When you write reflectively, use the three W's:

  • What? (description)
What happened?
Who was involved?
  • So what? (interpretation)
What is most important/interesting/relevant/ useful aspect of the event/idea/situation?
How can it be explained?
How is it similar to/different from others?
  • What next? (outcome)
What have I learned?
How can it be applied in the future?

The three W's

Figure 2: Reflective writing structure - the three W's