There are several things to remember when using adjectives:
- they are describing words. eg/ Small, green and deadly
- generally, adjectives come before nouns.
- Adjectives change (modify) the noun (and pronoun) in some way. eg/ It is a red one
- they usually answer questions like these:
- What kind?
- How many?
Remember: When the verbs in the list below are used, or forms of these verbs, the adjective comes after the nouns they modify:
to be to sound
Different types of adjectives
1. Possessive adjectives (or possessive pronouns.)
Function: to show possession.
Word examples: my, your, his, her, its, our and their.
Example: My laptop is on the desk.
2. The articles
Function: the definite article 'the' indicates a specific noun.
The indefinite articles 'A' and 'an' do not indicate a specific noun.
A mug (< any cup)
The mug (< a specific cup)
3. Demonstrative adjectives
Function: to demonstrate or indicate specific things.
Word examples: This, that, these and those
Examples: If I hear that music again, I will buy the CD.
Prizes will only be given to those people who complete the quiz.
4. Indefinite adjectives
Function: indefinite adjectives do not point out specific things.
Word examples: no, any, many, few and several.
Examples: Many people watched the match.
According to the met office, there is no sign of rain.
Many people have reported seeing several broken down vehicles.
Commentary: The indefinite adjective ‘many’ modifies the noun ‘people’.
The indefinite adjectives ‘many’ and ‘several’ modifies the noun ‘ people’ and ‘vehicles’.
Remember: numbers are classified as adjectives too.