Harvard Solent style references
Legal & Government sources
Legislation (EU & International)
European Union legislation
All European Union legislation and the appropriate details needed to create a reference can be found on EurLex.
The basic formats for creating a Harvard reference for EU legislation, both in the text and in your reference list are below. After the first mention in your text, you can usually use a shortened title provided it is clear to which legislation you are referring.
Please note that the abbreviation EC/EU/EEC may vary depending on the date of publication.
Institutional Origin (Institutional Treaty) Number/year Date it was passed Title
Council Regulation (EC) No. 2078/92 of 30 June 1992 on the agricultural production method
Commission Documents (Com Docs)
Title, COM (Last two digits of year) Serial number, draft or final.
Proposal for a Council Directive on uniform procedures for checks on the transport of dangerous goods, COM (93) 965, final.
Directives and Decisions
Institutional origin Form Year/Legislation Number/ Institutional Treaty Date passed Title
Council Directive 92/83/EEC of 19 October 1992 on the harmonization of the structures of excise duties on alcoholic beverages
For additional European Union legal publications, include as a minimum Title Year.
In your reference list, you can also include any additional information which clarifies the reference for reader - e.g. legal references or series numbers and additional dates.
Consider including [viewed date]. Available from: so your reader can quickly identify the source.
International legislationUnited Nations Treaties:
All United Nations Treaties and the appropriate details needed to create a reference can be found via the .
In your text, include the Treaty title Year signed in
In your reference list, provide full details:
Year signed. Volume number UNTS page number, entered into force full date.
Additional Protocol to the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine concerning transplantation of organs and tissues of human origin 2002. 2466 UNTS 132, entered into force 1 May 2006
For other international treaties, include as a minimum Title Year.
In your reference list, include any additional information
which clarifies this legislation for the reader - e.g. legal reference or
series numbers and additional dates. Consider including [viewed
date]. Available from: so your reader can quickly identify the
Ilaw contains international maritime conventions which can be cited using the guidance above or referenced to the Ratification of Maritime Conventions publication.
Legislation from Foreign Countries
As a minimum, include the Title Year (country) in your text:
Management Act 1991 (New Zealand)
In your reference list, include any additional information which clarifies this legislation for the reader. Consider including [viewed date] Available from: so your reader can quickly identify the source:
Management Act 1991 (New Zealand), reprinted as at 1 March 2017 [viewed 24
March 2017]. Available from: http://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1991/0069/latest/DLM230265.html
Information about legal materials from different countries can be located via WorldLII