Your degree is likely to finish with an independent research project where you lead your own learning on a single, clearly defined topic of your own choice, in much more depth than previous work. It involves selecting a research question and may include reviewing literature, collecting data, evaluating evidence and drawing conclusions.
Why is it important?
This is your opportunity to explore an area that is of particular interest to you and develop your independence as a researcher, with the guidance and support of your lecturer.
How do I do it?
Final projects vary in exactly what is involved, but since they generally all involve several months of work they have some features in common: managing your time well, carrying out research, reading and recording ideas, planning, writing and redrafting. You may also need to reflect on the whole process.