Referencing and academic integrity

The Harvard system

Referencing within your assignment

In-text citations

To include a Harvard reference to your original source within your assignment text, you need to enter several details in brackets alongside your quotation/paraphrase/summary:

  • Author(s) surname/corporate name
  • Year the work was published
  • Page number(s) - if relevant

These details can be provided in several ways:

  • Put all details in brackets at the end of the quotation or paraphrasing:

It is clear that “referencing is a skill all students should develop” (Smith 2008, p.1)

  • Incorporate the author’s name into your sentence and follow it with the year and page number in brackets:

Smith (2008, p.2) highlights the importance of consistent referencing within an essay.

  • Incorporate the author’s name into your sentence and put the year and page number in brackets at the end of the quotation or paraphrase:

As Smith has argued, teaching staff should introduce students to referencing as early as possible (2008, p.2)

Tip:

If a work does not have a named author, use Anon - (Anon 2008, p.3)

Remember:

To avoid an accusation of plagiarism, you must include references within your assignment wherever your work is based on another source.