Referencing and academic integrity
The Harvard system
Referencing within your assignment
To include a Harvard reference to your original source within your assignment text, you need to enter several details in brackets alongside your quotation/paraphrase/summary:
- Author(s) surname/corporate name
- Year the work was published
- Page number(s) - if relevant
These details can be provided in several ways:
- Put all details in brackets at the end of the quotation or paraphrasing:
It is clear that “referencing is a skill all students should develop” (Smith 2008, p.1)
- Incorporate the author’s name into your sentence and follow it with the year and page number in brackets:
Smith (2008, p.2) highlights the importance of consistent referencing within an essay.
- Incorporate the author’s name into your sentence and put the year and page number in brackets at the end of the quotation or paraphrase:
As Smith has argued, teaching staff should introduce students to referencing as early as possible (2008, p.2)
If a work does not have a named author, use Anon - (Anon 2008, p.3)
To avoid an accusation of plagiarism, you must include references within your assignment wherever your work is based on another source.